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Alexandra Pospelova Manifesto, part 2: Introduction to Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Cubism

Looking closely at all art movements, such as Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, Surrealism, etc., people can notice the reason for drastic changes in art over time. What was the radical moment of change of art over a period of time?

Perhaps, one of the main reasons of alteration and a new attitude was public relations. People needed to think differently about what they were doing. They needed to start thinking outside of their boxes, instead of art simply being a part of an idealized exposition. Art should not replicate nature because it is impossible to reproduce what is perfectly created. Art is created to bring out the unique vision of each individual who is endowed with a talent to convey an unusual alternative world. In fact, photography was something that inspired artists in late 19th century and made them rethink paintings. During 19th century, people were challenged to alter what art should actually convey and how it should be portrayed in order to be conceivable. It was a time of awakening to rouse those who hid inside of their little boxes and lived in silence. The main goal was to reflect that evolution on the canvas and awaken those who were too timid to open up to new developments. I admire the artists of these periods because they were not afraid of revealing the truth to the world. The truth was that art needed a change in order to keep the viewer interested and excite one’s curiosity and attention. The artists of 19th and 20th centuries brought a new vision that clearly expressed the condition of the natural features. The intrinsic nature lied in everyday moments – in urban life. Such an ordinary subject was produced in the most creative ways by experimenting with forms, color, perspective, and other vehicles. The reason why I favor Impressionism and Post-Impressionism is because instead of portraying bitter truth, artists chose a different authenticity of human state. They showed the truth through a pleasant way, through prettiness of daily life. Prettiness rested in instant, ordinary moments that shaped everyday life. Thus, art gave people a welcome feeling that retained possession of enthusiasm and fascination.

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